Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF Download: A Complete Guide for Geology Enthusiasts
If you are interested in learning more about the science of geology, you might want to download Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF, a classic book in the Brazilian geology bibliography. This book covers the main topics of general or dynamic geology, historical geology and environmental geology. It also provides many curious facts and examples about the phenomena that shape the Earth.
geologia geral viktor leinz pdf download
What is Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF?
Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF is a digital version of the book Geologia Geral, written by Viktor Leinz and Sérgio Estanislau do Amaral. The book was first published in 2001 by Companhia Editora Nacional and has 397 pages. It is considered one of the most comprehensive and updated books on geology in Portuguese.
What are the benefits of downloading Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF?
By downloading Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF, you will have access to a wealth of information and knowledge about geology. You will be able to:
Learn the concepts and definitions of geology and its subdivisions.
Understand the internal and external dynamics of the Earth and how they affect its structure and surface.
Explore the history and evolution of the Earth and its life forms through geological time.
Analyze the interactions between geology and the environment and their implications for human activities.
Discover fascinating facts and examples about geological phenomena such as volcanoes, earthquakes, fossils, minerals, rocks, etc.
How to download Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF?
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Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF is a great resource for anyone who wants to learn more about geology. It covers the main aspects of this science in a clear and comprehensive way. It also provides many curious facts and examples that make geology more interesting and fun. To download Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF, you can use online platforms such as Scribd, Orelha de Livro or Skoob, or buy the physical book from bookstores.
What are the main topics of Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF?
Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF is divided into three parts, each one corresponding to a subdivision of geology. The first part deals with general or dynamic geology, which studies the physical and chemical processes that affect the Earth's interior and exterior. The second part covers historical geology, which traces the evolution of the Earth and its life forms through geological time. The third part focuses on environmental geology, which analyzes the interactions between geology and the environment and their consequences for human activities.
General or Dynamic Geology
The first part of Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF consists of 11 chapters that explore the following topics:
The concept and definition of geology and its subdivisions.
The origin and structure of the Earth and its main layers: crust, mantle and core.
The formation and classification of minerals and rocks, the basic elements of geology.
The tectonic movements and forces that shape the Earth's surface and cause phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain ranges, etc.
The geological cycles that regulate the exchange of matter and energy between the Earth's spheres: lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.
The weathering processes that break down rocks into smaller particles by physical, chemical or biological agents.
The erosion processes that transport and deposit sediments by water, wind, ice or gravity.
The metamorphism processes that transform rocks into new types by heat, pressure or fluids.
The magmatism processes that produce magma and lava from the melting of rocks in the Earth's interior or near the surface.
The hydrogeology processes that study the occurrence, movement and quality of groundwater.
The geothermal processes that study the heat flow and temperature distribution in the Earth's interior.
The second part of Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF consists of 10 chapters that explore the following topics:
The concept and definition of historical geology and its methods and sources of information.
The principles and techniques of relative and absolute dating of rocks and fossils.
The geological time scale and its divisions: eons, eras, periods, epochs and ages.
The origin and evolution of life on Earth and its main groups: bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi, plants, animals, etc.
The fossilization processes that preserve the remains or traces of living organisms in rocks.
The paleontology processes that study the fossils and their classification, distribution, morphology, ecology, behavior, etc.
The paleogeography processes that reconstruct the past positions and shapes of continents and oceans using evidence from geology, paleontology, biogeography, etc.
The paleoclimatology processes that reconstruct the past climates and their changes using evidence from geology, paleontology, geochemistry, etc.
The major events and characteristics of each geological era: Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic.
The human evolution processes that trace the origin and development of Homo sapiens and its ancestors using evidence from paleontology, anthropology, genetics, etc.
The third part of Geologia Geral Viktor Leinz PDF consists of 9 chapters that explore the following topics:
The concept and definition of environmental geology and its importance for society.
The natural hazards that pose risks to human lives and properties due to geological phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, etc.
The natural resources that provide materials or energy for human use such as water, soil, minerals, metals, fossil fuels, etc.
The environmental impacts that result from human activities such as mining, agriculture, urbanization, industrialization, etc. on the geology and ecology of an area.